There are two different types of midwives:
Certified Nurse Midwives are midwives who become registered nurses (RNs) and then earn a master’s degree in Midwifery or Nursing with a focus on midwifery. The vast majority of CNMs attend births in hospitals. CNMs may provide well-woman care and can write prescriptions.
Certified Professional Midwives do not have to become nurses or earn a master’s degree. They enter straight into the profession of midwifery from high school or college (they are also called Direct-Entry Midwives for this reason). They either attend a midwifery school or go through an apprenticeship program to become certified. CPMs attend home and birth center births. Many families feel that only CPMs are truly able to practice the art and science of midwifery because they are not subject to hospital policies and routines.
Certified Nurse Midwives, Certified Professional Midwives
Must be an RN,Do not have RN requirement
Must earn a graduate degree from a University,Midwifery School or apprenticeship
Education is expensive,Education typically less expensive
Loans are available for tuition,Tuition loans are not always available
Attend births mainly in hospitals, Attend births in birth centers/homes
Licensed in all 50 states,Are not licensed in all states
Are mainly employees,Are mainly self-employed
Make a higher salary,Make a lower salary
Here are some websites to look at to help you on your path to becoming a midwife:
- http://www.midwiferytoday.com/books/paths.asp (discussion of paths to becoming a midwife)
- http://www.cfmidwifery.org/ (Citizens for Midwifery)
- http://www.midwife.org/Become-a-Midwife (CNM)
- http://www.midwife.org/Become-a-Midwife (CPM)
- http://www.meacschools.org/ (CPM – midwifery schools)
At Treasure Valley Midwives we have our own student midwifery program. Click here for more information.